Adding the Bass – “Moondance”

Van Morrison

It’s always fun to write a bass lesson associated with one of David’s guitar lessons, in this case our song lesson on Van Morrison’sMoondance.” You should read that first to get a good feel for the structure of the song. In addition, you should read the bass lesson titled, Tone Loco, as I will refer to it in this lesson.

I first started playing “Moondance” back in the 80s when I was just a novice bass player (since then, I’ve had the pleasure of playing this with a full horn section, including flute). I knew the chords from my guitar friends, but not the various bass riffs and patterns on the original recording. So I went out and bought the sheet music. As I’ve noted in other bass lessons, published piano music is an excellent source for bass guitar parts. The “left hand” music is usually accurately transcribed, with fewer short-cuts. “Right-hand” piano music is not always as helpful for guitarists. Over the years, I’ve added phrases and alternate fingerings to the fundamental bass part, but at the core, it’s a simple song, and the steady beat makes it easy to build on.

Let’s get started. Here is the basic riff for most of the verse, the chord progression of which alternates between Am and Bm. This should be played as a straight beat – four quarter notes per measure – with no anticipation. The bass provides the foundation for the guitarist and singer, and maintains the jazzy roots of the song.

Moondance Example 1

If you play a jazz-style bass, the warm tone can be achieved by turning up the bridge pick-up, turning down the neck pick-up, and setting the tone control about half-way. If you play a P-style bass, set the tone control mid-way and consider plucking closer to the bridge. This tone is also helped by playing at the fifth fret or higher, which is where I play it.

As David explains, there is an alternate voicing for every other Am in the verse. For the bass, we can simply use the C (minor 3rd of Am) to support that, as shown here:

Moondance Example 2

You can alternate these lines, or add in your own variations. If you are comfortable with walking jazz bass lines, you can have a lot of fun with this chord pattern, but that will mean that other members of your group will have to hold the “center” of the song. While I appreciate the wandering bass line in the recorded version, I don’t wander far from the basic riffs myself.

At the end of the verse, there is a transition to the chorus. In the original recording, this is only carried by the vocal, while the band continues in straight-4. However, once you try playing the riff along with the rest of the group (unison timing), I think you’ll find the added energy is addicting. As you can see, the bass line continues to ascend through the Am/Bm changes: A – B – C – D – E and then descends in two quarter-note triplets. Listen to the vocal line to get the timing (or re-read David’s notes on this topic).

Moondance Example 3

The first two lines of the chorus are more rock’n’roll. The Dm to Am sequence is pretty straight forward. I like using the G in transition, but it’s not required. The second sequence has a little riff, usually played by the sax. If you don’t have a sax or flute, then you can add this fill yourself. It’s shown in the 3rd and 4th measures. If you don’t like this, just repeat the first two measures.

Moondance Example 4

I’ve shown this section played at the 5th fret (above), but if you play the D as an open string, as shown in the following example, you’ll get more growl from it. You will have to move your hand a bit, but you should have time.

Moondance Example 5

The second line of the pre-chorus has the signature stops followed by three staccato quarter notes. After the first three, which are D notes, you should try playing the E higher (second fret of the D string or seventh fret of the A string) and lower (open E string) in order to hear which you like better in terms of fitting the mood of the song. Hint: I like lower.

Moondance Example 6

The second half of the chorus is a quick box riff. I don’t stop halfway through, just keep playing the riff until the final A.

Moondance Example 7

The outro is simply as David explains: A G F E D – – A

In conclusion, this is a great song to strengthen your abilities. You can play it simply, or you can add more sophistication. The three sections of the song have different energy levels, which allows for dynamics. At the same time, the song depends on the bass to provide the foundation throughout.

I hope you enjoy my version of this song. I look forward to your comments.